The term menopause means a transition period in a woman’s life from the reproductive phase with regular ovulatory cycles and the corresponding cyclical changes in the reproductive system to the state after the cessation of menstruation.
During this period, age-related changes dominate the reproductive system and are characterized by a gradual decrease and “shutdown” of ovarian function. At first, the reproductive, then, the hormonal function is disrupted, which is manifested by the cessation of menstruation. Reproductive aging is a long process that begins with a sharp decrease in fertility (the ability to conceive) after 35 years, long before menopause occurs at the age of about 50 years and implies treatment for menopause.
The average age of a woman with the onset of menopause normally is 47-51 years. Climacteric changes onset at 40-44 years is considered to be early menopause, and at 36-39 years – premature. Menopause occurs in every woman in different ways. Some females find it almost imperceptible, and others – more difficult and look for treatment for menopause symptoms.
In menopause, several periods are conventionally distinguished:
Treatment of menopause
It is possible to overcome the unpleasant symptoms of menopause or significantly reduce them. It won’t cause harm to discuss with a gynecologist the need for hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Drugs – analogs of female sex hormones – help alleviate the condition, reduce the risk of complications. But, hormone replacement therapy as the treatment for menopause is not indicated for everyone, therefore, it can only be prescribed by a specialist.
HRT includes two hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Estrogen is a hormone that relieves symptoms, and progesterone is needed to prevent uterine cancer. The use of estrogen alone can cause the proliferation of the uterine epithelium, which can potentially lead to malignancy. Therefore, women who have lost the uterus for medical reasons are treated only with estrogens, they do not need additional progesterone.
Estrogen can be taken in tablets, vaginal rings, body plasters and gels for external use that can be applied to the skin of the abdomen. Progesterone has to be inevitably taken with it. It is presented in the form of tablets, vaginal suppositories, and the intrauterine hormonal system.
Hormone replacement therapy cannot be used in women with breast cancer, even in remission. It is also contraindicated for those who have coronary heart disease, have blood clots, have heart attacks or strokes.
Natural treatment for menopause
Herbal medicine involves the use of natural preparations containing so-called phytoestrogens – plant-based analogs of female sex hormones. Their effect is less pronounced in comparison with hormonal preparations, and, nevertheless, the possibility of their use should also be consulted with a doctor.
There is also a number of homeopathic remedies, the use of which can mitigate the unpleasant manifestations of menopause. Try to find the right way of natural treatment for menopause under the guidance of an experienced specialist in this field. Natural remedies improve hormonal balance and alleviate menopausal symptoms. Here are a few tips to gain the menopause relief by dint of natural preparations:
- Proven natural treatment for menopause from hot flashes is essential oils of sage, chamomile, peppermint, and thyme. They should be put on the upper legs and neck at the back. The procedure is carried out every time having hot flashes. For each part of the body, 3 drops are enough.
- Sage helps against hot flashes and night sweats. You can drink daily 2-3 glasses of sage tea.
- With excessive excitability, nervousness, the use of soothing Phyto-preparations is possible.
- As the treatment for menopause, flax seeds and linseed oil added to food can be used. In addition to reducing hot flashes, these foods contribute to weight loss. Natural treatment for menopause must be combined with physical activity and changes in diet.
The abundance of fresh plant foods, oily fish and cold-pressed oils are essential components of a menopausal woman. These nutrients help greatly overcome climacteric changes and give a woman the chance for a normal existence.
Despite the useful qualities of these natural remedies for menopause, a woman must always consult a doctor before using them to avoid unpleasant side effects. They can occur as a result of interaction with the medications a person takes or elements of the daily diet.